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The Good And The Bad

When that crash occurs, and you hit 'close', you'll notice that Netmeeting itself does not close. This means that RUNDLL32 is being launched in a separate process space. This is both good, and bad. The good side is that you don't have a lot of complicated code to wade through and whatever you do, it won't look too suspicious, because Netmeeting didn't close. The bad side is that RUNDLL32 doesn't load too much in the way of DLL's or external resources. It looks like we'll have to load those on our own.

Upon further inspection, we have even more shit to deal with. An executable, such as RUNDLL32.exe has a base address of 0x00400000. This means that almost all references to the stack are going to have at least one NULL character in them. This is unfortunate, because it is almost always runaway string operations in C that cause these kind of overflow problems. Hence, if we write our code with null characters, we will harm our own exploit string because it will be truncated as it is manipulated. Other bad characters include line feed, carriage returns, some control codes, and in some extreme cases, even lowercase or uppercase letters, or characters whose ASCII value is greater >= 0x80 (one of the worst cases!) We're just going to have to be clever.

Other things we have to work with: MSCONF.DLL is loaded. This is because RUNDLL loaded it. We notice this because the command line for starting .CNF files is "rundll32.exe msconf.dll,OpenConfLink %l" as defined in the CNF file type. We can also assume that KERNEL32.DLL is loaded because KERNEL32 functions are listed in RUNDLL32's import table. Then again, KERNEL32 functions are also listed in the MSCONF.DLL import table. Lets look to see what would be more reliable: We're hacking Netmeeting 2.1. One version of the product. One version of MSCONF.DLL. There could be any version or revision of RUNDLL32 or KERNEL32 loaded from various OS versions or upgrades. Hence, if we were to reference an absolute virtual memory address, it had better be within MSCONF or else, we might be poking into the wrong places (version skew!). This is problematic, assuming that we want this exploit to work on all versions of the target OS.

So... we look at how other programs get their addresses. We want to be able to use internet functions to do fun stuff with our exploit code, so we are going to need to use WSOCK32.DLL or WININET.DLL. WinInet provides more functionality with less code, so we'll go with that for now. WININET is not loaded into the process space of RUNDLL32, so we'd have to load it. But wait! We haven't mentioned how to gain control of the EIP and point it to our code yet! So we shall...

Snatch that EIP!

Back up!